Maria BERBARAChercheuse invitée

Mai 2019

Maria Berbara (PhD, University of Hamburg) teaches art history at the State University of Rio de Janeiro. She specialises in Italian and Iberian art produced between the 15th and 17th centuries, as well as in cultural history, early modern globalism and intellectual interchange in the Atlantic world. Her research and joint academic projects have been supported by the Getty Foundation, Villa I Tatti, DAAD, and the Brazilian funding agencies Fapesp, Faperj CNPq and Capes.


  • Imperial Propaganda and the Representation of Otherness in Portugal and Its Colonies in the Early Modern Times”. In: Urte Krass (ed.), Visualizing Portuguese Power. The Political Use of images in Portugal and its Overseas Empire. Zurich: Diaphanes, 2017, pp. 75-86
  • “Between Heroism and Martyrdom: Considerations regarding the representation of the Latin American hero in the 19th century”. 19&20, v. 10, 2015
  • "Visual Representations of Medea's Anger in the Early Modern Period: Rembrandt and Rubens". In: Karl Enenkel; Anita Traninger (eds.). Discourses of anger in the early Modern Period. Leiden: Brill, 2015, pp. 357-377
  • Reflections on Portuguese Cosmopolitanism during the Manueline Period and its Aftermath in Luso-Brazilian Art and Historiography”. Jahrbuch fur Geschichte Lateinamerikas (1998) / Anuario de Historia de América Latina, v. 50, 2013, pp. 289-302
  • “Images of Heroism and Martyrdom. Borrowings from the Vatican »Laocoon« during the Early Modern Period”. In: The Challenge of the object/ Die Herausforderung des Objekts. Proceedings of the 33rd Congress of the International Committee of the History of Art (Nuremberg, 2013). Nuremberg: Verlag des Germanischen Nationalmuseums, 2013, pp. 231-235.
  • Portuguese Humanism and the Republic of Letters” (ed. with Karl Enenkel). Leiden: Brill, 2012
  • Nascentes morimur: Francisco da Holanda as Artist, Reader and Writer”. In: Heiko Damm; Michael Thimann; Claus Zittel (eds.), The Artist as Reader. On Education and Non-Education of Early Modern Artists. Leiden: Brill, 2012, pp. 387-419
  • Renascimento Italiano - Ensaios e Traduções” (ed.). Rio de Janeiro: NAU, 2010
  • Esta pena tan sabrosa: Teresa of Avila and the Figurative Arts in Early Modern Europe”. In: Karl Enenkel; Jan Frans Van Dijkhuizen (eds.). The Sense of Suffering: Constructions of Physical Pain in Early Modern Culture. Leiden: Brill, 2009, pp. 267-294
  • “Michelangelo Buonarroti. Cartas Escolhidas” (annotaded translation). Campinas: Editora da Unicamp: 2009
  • Propria Belgarum laus: Domenicus Lampsonius e as Pictorum Aliquot Celebrium   Germaniae Inferioris Effigies (English version: Propria Belgarum laus: Domenicus Lampsonius and the Pictorum Aliquot Celebrium Germaniae Inferioris Effigies”). Revista de História da Arte e Arqueologia (UNICAMP), pp. 17-37 and 110-123, v. 8, 2007.

Projet de Recherche

This project addresses the ways in which the Tupinambá were visually and rhetorically represented during the early modern period, and how these representations related to Europe's political, ideological and religious situation. In the 16th century, the Tupinambá inhabited the Southern coast of present-day Brazil, a region disputed by the Portuguese and the French. In images and discourses, they seemed to have functioned as a trope for savagery and cruelty connected both to the classical tradition (they could be compared, for example, to the man-eating Polyphemus) and to contemporary religious and political conflicts between Catholics and Protestants. The project will investigate the ways in which scenes representing Tupinambá violence intermingle with the representation of contemporary wars and martyrdoms (both Catholic and Protestant), as well as the anthropological, religious, ethical and aesthetic implications of such parallelisms.