Hegemonías, pluralidad y sincretismos en el arte del mundo hispánico de los siglos XV y XVI Colloque international à la Real Academia de España en Roma

Universitas del Mediterráneo al Pacífico is an International Congress of History of Art under the direction of Manuel Parada López de Corselas and Laura María Palacios Méndez, which will take place between the 20th and 23rd September 2017 at the Real Academia de España en Roma.

​The congress aims to reconsider the core ideas used to approach the hispanic past in a broader sense, through interdisciplinary and intercultural points of view. First of all relegating ideas such as centre and periphery, which simplify reality in a world that was interconnected through a complex system of networks and nodes. Inside this framework, the peninsular kingdoms progressively acquired greater importance. This process concluded with the figure of Charles I, whose power grew in parallel to the territories the ultimately fell under his control. This series of events, which started in the 15th century, resulted in plurality - the key of artistic manifestations of Hispanic culture. This is an aspect we need to understand, not just inside the European scope - since Europe is not an isolated entity - but also overseas; firstly in all of the Mediterranean, as the ancient communication bridge, and secondly in the area between the Atlantic and the Pacific, as the non sufficit orbis  of the austrias. 

​This is the point where the coordinates of space intersect with the multiplicity of traditions, whose encounter and dialogue gave rise to one of the most significant phenomena of culture during these centuries: syncretism. This is a key part of the peninsular kingdoms' history because of their strategic location, which constantly grew over the years as their frontiers expanded. With the substratum of the Roma, Visigoth and Muslim Hispanic during these centuries - legacies that shaped uses, concepts and aesthetics of art beyond common beliefs - Italy, Flanders, pre-Hispanic America, the isles of the Pacific, China and Japan became increasingly prominent on this cultural map.

​Through this process, an ionosphere was created which interrelated at a global level. It was defined by the fluctuating tensions and symbioses between these different cultures in relation to politics, economy and social aspects. This network of connections resulted in the plurality of the arts, and also in the settlement of several hegemonies, which determined their role and eminence within diversity. A Universitas that intertwined in key cities (such as Seville), ports of culture, institutions, embassies, bank branches and trade, as well as in figure like viceroys, diplomats, explorers, missionaries and merchants who served as nodes in a multifaceted cultural horizon that was expanding.


The congress Universitas del Mediterráneo al Pacífico will be divided into five sessions during the 20th, 21st and 22nd of September 2017. It will being on Wednesday 20th with an afternoon session, and then it will continue with a morning and an afternoon sessions in the next Thursday 21st and Friday 22nd. Lastly, Saturday 23rd is reserved for the participants a visit to some emblematic places in the city, related to the congress.

​During these sessions, we will deepen the art of the Hispanic world of the 15th and 16th centuries, under the following subject areas: "Networks and nodes in the Hispanic universitas" and "The Utopia of the Golden Age". They are a kind of geographic and a time coordinates, respectively, that shall help us to approach to the Hispanic past emphasizing its universality. 

​Below are detailed a group of key ideas, to inspire the future participants an to inform to whom it may concern:

​Networks and nodes in the Hispanic universitas
Geographic coordinate

​·  Parallel hegemony in Art and Power: Assimilation, pretension, mimesis and emulation / Journey, settlement, dominance and diffusion.

· Present models and syncretism: Tradition and inertia, permeability, transformation and eclecticism.

·  Local and transoceanic interactions of production-creation and demand.

· Nodes for the arts: Viceroyalty, embassies, diplomatic engagement, religious missions and evangelization, expeditions of conquest, centres of learning and dissemination of study, banking, commerce and ports of culture.

​The Utopia of the Golden Age
Time Coordinate

​· Models from the old and recent past. The different ancient times: Mesopotamia, Egypt, sacred history, Roman Christian empire, moralized paganism and pre-Hispanic America.

· Manipulation and construction of memory (art in the service of the memory) / Culture fetish (the mechanisms of the memory the service of art).

· Past and identity: Dynasty lineage, honor and dignity.

· Power of the possession of the artistic object:

      - Inherited patrimony.

      - The Spolia.

· Collecting: prestige, singularity and exoticism.

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Informations pratiques

20-23 septembre 2017
Real Academia de España in Rome
Piazza San Pietro in Montorio 3
00153 Roma, Italia